Mental disoders

terms

      Mental disorders-an illness of the mind that can affect the thoughts, feelings, and behaviors of a person, preventing him or her from leading a happy, healthful, and productive life

      Anxiety disorder-an illness in which real, imagined, or persistent fears prevent a person from enjoying life

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      Somatoform disorder- an illness in which a person complains of disease symptoms, but no cause can be found

      Hypochondria-a preoccupation with the body and fear of presumed diseases that are not present

      Affective disorder-illness often with an organic cause that relates to emotions and may involve mood swings or mood extremes that interfere with everyday living

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      Bipolar disorder- psychological illness characterized by extreme mood swings between depression

      Personality disorder- a variety of psychological conditions that affect a persons ability to get along with others

      Schizophrenia-serious mental disorder meaning split mind

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      Suicide-taking of ones own life

      Depression-feeling of helplessness, hopelessness, and sadness

      Cluster suicides-a rash of suicides occurring within a short space and time and involving several people in the same school or community

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      Psychiatrist- a medical doctor who specializes in diagnosing and treating mental disorders and can prescribe medication

      Neurologist- a physician who specializes in organic disorders of the brain and nervous system

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      Clinical psychologist- a psychologist who diagnoses and treats emotional and behavioral disorders but cannot describe medications

      Psychiatric social worker- one who has concentrated on psychiatric casework, doing fieldwork in a mental hospital, mental health clinic, or family service agency that provides guidance and treatment for clients with emotional problems

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      Post traumatic stress disorder- a condition in which a person who has experienced or witnessed a traumatic event feels severe and long lasting aftereffects

      Functional disorder- may occur as the result of psychological causes in which no clear brain damage is involved

      OCD- trapped in a pattern of repeated behaviors and thoughts

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      Organic disorder- disorder clearly caused by physical illness or an injury that affects the brain

      Panic disorder- a condition in which fear or anxiety prevails and gets in the way of functioning and enjoying life

      Phobia- specific fear that is so strong a person goes to extreme measures to avoid the fear producing object or activity